Agricultural Law Digest: Volume 2, Issue 7
For purposes of the several federal crop adjustment programs, the determination of farm program yields is based upon the average program yields of the farm for three of the past five years (the highest and lowest yields of the five years are disregarded) before the effective date of a farm bill (i.e. 1981-1985 for the 1985 farm bill and 1986-1990 for the 1990 farm bill). Thus, if a producer increased production by irrigation after 1985 or after 1990, the farm program yield may not be increased to reflect the irrigated yield
For those who have used installment payment of federal estate tax to defer tax payment over 177 months after death, a major concern is avoiding acceleration of the deferred tax and loss of the four percent interest rate on the first $345,800 of tax less the unified credit. For farm and ranch estates using the deferred payment option, post-death planning is needed to avoid acceleration.