Iowa State University Veterinarian: Volume 7, Issue 2
As pointed out in the previous article on Mastitis, treatment of mastitis should be accompanied by the initiation of various sanitary measures. Treatment without improvement of the sanitation in milking of the herd is almost certain to be unsatisfactory in the long run, because of subsequent reinfection of treated animals. The treatment should be considered as an adjunct to a control program rather than depending on it to control the disease alone. The average practitioner of veterinary medicine is called on more frequently to treat an acute case of mastitis in a herd where little or no sanitation in milking is practiced and too often the owner is unwilling to take the steps necessary to control the disease. However, there is an increase in the number of dairy herd owners who, through costly experience, are now willing to take all measures to control mastitis.
Of late much has been said about the great increase in light horse interest. More fairs have had classes for light horses than ever before, and much more material has been written about them. With this interest and publicity two breeds of spotted horses, the Morocco Spotted Horse and the Appaloosa, or Leopard Spotted horse, remain rather obscure. It is not that these horses are of recent development nor that they are not good horses. They have been going through a period of fixation of breed characters and now are coming to the forefront as animals which can uniformly transmit their desired characters.
Brucellosis is not only of concern to the veterinarian from the standpoint of animal health; it also concerns the Veterinary Profession from the standpoint of public health. In dealing with brucellosis in animals, the veterinarian must be ever on his guard-lest he himself become infected with the serious malady commonly termed undulant or malta fever. From the standpoint of public health, chief reliance is placed on members of the Veterinary Profession in the pursuit of measures for the control and eradication of brucellosis in cattle, swine and other susceptible animals.
On July 30, 1944, a 4-year-old Belgian mare was admitted to the Stange Memorial Clinic with a collar gall on the top of the neck. Such a gall is popularly known as a sitfast, which is caused by collar pressure on the top of the neck interfering with vascular supply to the area, resulting in necrosis. In time a definite necrotic plug or "core" forms. This pressure is frequently caused by a poor fitting collar or from the use of heavy, swinging tongue machinery.
Nutrition is of great importance in sheep diseases. This is especially true of the small farm flock. This writer will endeavor to suggest recommended pasture and feeding methods that may be used in producing healthy sheep in a profitable manner. Protein mixtures, hay and silage as roughage, creep feeding, mineral mixtures, and vitamins will be discussed as practicable as possible to include all conditions which face the farmer and in turn the veterinarian.