Journal Issue:
Bulletin: Volume 1, Issue 9

No Thumbnail Available
Issue Date
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Journal Volume
Journal Volume
The Iowa station milk test, a correction
( 2017-07-14) Patrick, G. ; Extension and Experiment Station Publications

In Bulletin No. 8, page 307, under the heading Sulphate of Soda, the term Epsom Salt was used by mistake in place of the correct term, Glauber’s salt. Also, in the same paragraph it is stated that the "effloresced" salt (sulphate of soda), for use in clarifying fat, is prepared by exposing finely powdered Glauber’s salt in a thin layer to the air for some days, “or better, by drying the powdered salt at a gentle heat.”

The Plum Curculio and the Plum Gouger. A summer's study of their habits and remedies
( 2017-07-14) Gillette, C. ; Extension and Experiment Station Publications

These two arch enemies of the plum seem to vie with one another in their work of destruction in the Valley of the Mississippi.

The Plum Curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar, has received much attention from entomologists and fruit growers for a great many years in this country and there remains little to be added to what is already known of its habits and life history. But the best remedies for these two plum insects, and especially for the gouger, have not yet been fully determined. During the last two or three years the arsenites have been much talked about as curculio remedies and a few careful experiments, at least, have been made to determine their value for this purpose.

Comparative value of fodder plants and other feed stuffs
( 2017-07-14) Speer, R. ; Extension and Experiment Station Publications

Generally, the periods of depression in the prices of agricultural products heretofore have not been long; but we have no reason to expect high prices in the future, without a great war or unusual failures of crops in Europe. The remarkable development o f the great prairies of the Northwest; the rapid extension of railroads in all civilized countries; the building of the Suez canal, which shortened the distance in time between India and England from eight months to one month, and the increasing demand for the best agricultural implements for breaking up and tilling the broad prairies of South America, are only a few of the principal signs which indicate that the markets of the world will soon be overstocked with the different kinds of agricultural and horticultural products. The development of steam and the arts bearing on transportation, tends to equalize the incomes of the farmers of Russia, India, South America and this country. Before long, the peasants of Russia, will not be obliged to work for a few pennies per day; but the hired men on Iowa farms, will be compelled to work for much less than twenty dollars per month and their board. This tendency, to equalize the prices of farm labor and farm products in the different parts of the world, has already driven many thousands of New England farmers to the cities, and it is driving and will continue to drive a majority of the owners of mortgaged western farms to the wall. To make money hereafter, more skill will be necessary to till the soil and breed and feed the domestic animals than formerly. Brains, skill and large crops, must be substituted for ignorance, shiftlessness and partial failures of crops. Extra to choice farm products must take the places of the common or only fair to good agricultural products, which have always met with sharp competition in all of the general markets. To show the difference between the results of good and shiftless farm management, I will copy a report of the Chicago cattle market from a late Chicago paper, which is as follows:

Extra shipping steers 1,600 lbs.. $5.20.......................$83.20

Choice shipping steers 1,500 lbs., 4.90.......................73.50

Good shipping steers 1,400 lbs., 4.20.......................58.80

Fair shipping steers 1.300 lbs., 3.70.......................48.10

Stockers and feeders 1.100 lbs.. 3.20.......................35.20

The “Relative value plan” at creameries. Preserving milk samples for testing. Table of relative values
( 2017-07-14) Patrick, G. ; Extension and Experiment Station Publications

The pooling system of purchasing milk, now universally practiced at separator creameries, is defensible only on grounds of expediency, as a makeshift to be endured only until a better system shall be developed. It makes no pretense to justice in its treatment of the individual patron, it places a premium on quantity rather than and even at expense of quality, it drives patrons possessing rich-milk dairy herds and those who feed liberally and intelligently into private dairying, it tempts the short-sighted and cunning into dishonest practices, and tends in every way to demoralize the creamery industry.

The creamery proprietor is not, however, the chief sufferer. He can always save himself, and continue to profit, by lowering the price of milk to correspond with the average quality of all received, as shown by the butter produced. But the farmer who, producing milk of superior quality from a herd which has cost much time and money to bring together, is obliged to pool with those producing inferior- milk, from scrub herds and poor feed,— not to mention the possibility of home-skimming or watering,— he, by long odds, is the greatest sufferer.

Front matter
( 2017-07-14) Extension and Experiment Station Publications