Journal Issue:
Spring 2002 Iowa Ag Review: Volume 8, Issue 2

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The EU-U.S. Hormone Dispute: The Negotiations Continue
( 2015-08-10) Clemens, Roxanne ; Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

The European Union’s ban on hormone-treated beef remains one of the United States’s most contentious agricultural trade disputes. Iowa Ag Review last addressed this dispute in the Summer 1999 issue, just after the World Trade Organization (WTO) arbitrator had ruled that the EU ban was inconsistent with WTO sanitary/ phytosanitary principles relating to risk assessment. This article updates negotiating activities and issues regarding the hormone ban.

Recent CARD Publications
( 2015-08-10) Center for Agricultural and Rural Development
By the Numbers: County Population Trends
( 2015-08-10) Hart, Chad ; Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

In the map above, the counties shaded in blue have lost population since 1970. Most of these counties are located in the upper Midwest and Great Plains and represent the bulk of the area that receives federal farm subsidies. While the population of the United States has grown from 203 million in 1970 to 281 million in 2000, a 38.4 percent increase, population growth in the upper Midwest over the same period ranges from 3.6 percent in Iowa to 29.3 percent in Minnesota. Midwestern states have failed to keep up with population growth in the rest of the country. And, within these states, population growth varies greatly from county to county. For example, Iowa has had an overall population growth of 3.6 percent since 1970, but only 28 of the 99 counties have had positive population growth. In the upper Midwest, what characteristics distinguish the counties with population gains from those with population losses?

Iowa's Agricultural Situation: Analysts expect a shift from soybeans to corn and more biotech plantings
( 2015-08-10) Saak, Alexander ; Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

As Iowa farmers decide on what to plant this year, market prices are quick to respond to any news about supply side and international trade developments. The March 28 U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Prospective Plantings report confirmed analysts’ expectations of an overall shift from soybeans into corn compared to last year. According to the report, U.S. growers plan to sow 79 million acres of corn in 2002, up 4 percent from 2001 but only slightly above the fiveyear average. Most of the growing regions reported an increase in the expected corn acreage except for a few states with concerns about dry conditions. However, unlike last year’s wet planting season, so far this year’s weather appears to be favorable to corn growers. U.S. soybean producers are projected to plant 73 million acres, down 2 percent from the previous year but on a par with the five-year average. The markets largely anticipated the results of the report and, as expected, responded with lower corn and higher soybean prices. However, in subsequent trading days, corn prices have rebounded somewhat with the news of steady exports and potential delays in planting in some midwestern states, while soybean prices have slipped because of imminent South American supply.

Rural America and Modern Agriculture: What Kind of Future?
( 2015-08-10) Babcock, Bruce ; Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

Farmers and food manufacturers continue to evolve toward a business model that emphasizes financial efficiency and lower consumer prices. American consumers are driving this movement by spending an increasing proportion of their food dollar at fast food restaurants and at mammoth food retailers such as WalMart, Albertsons, and Krogers. What these restaurants and retailers have in common is the need for predictable, uniform, low-cost supplies. They find that they can best meet their needs by conducting their business with large, innovative food manufacturers, such as Hormel, ConAgra, Kraft, Nestle, and Smithfield, or by working directly with the largest farmers, such as the company founded by J.R. Simplot.