Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

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Spring-seeded smother plants for weed control in corn and soybeans

1999 , Buhler, Douglas , Kohler, Keith , Foster, Madonna , Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Smother plants are specialized cover crops developed for their ability to suppress weeds and may provide an alternative, non-chemical method of weed control. The goal of this project was to define the characteristics and mechanics of establishing a successful spring-seeded smother plant system and to study and exploit the competitive interactions among weeds, smother plants, and the crop.

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Identification and characterization of the Rose Rosette disease causal agent

1999 , Hill, John , Epstein, Abraham , Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Rose rosette disease is lethal to multiflora rose, a noxious weed occurring in pastureland in most of Iowa. The potential use of rose rosette disease as a biocontrol agent can be enhanced by grafting infected shoots onto plants in established stands (i.e., augmentation). However, questions arose about whether the disease could be spread to ornamental roses. This study probes the identity of the causal agent for the disease in hopes of determining whether fears of transmission to ornamental roses were valid.

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Evaluation of the impact of tillage/cropping systems on soil microflora and week seedbank predation

1999 , Owen, Micheal , Felix, Joel , Hartzler, Robert , Loynachan, Thomas , Tiffany, L. , Moorman, Thomas , Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture

Soil erosion and pesticide use are critical issues in sustainable agriculture. With a view to decreasing the amount of pesticides used for weed control, researchers assessed the impact of tillage, cropping systems and weed management regimes on seasonal and long-term weed and weed seedbank population dynamics, especially in Conservation Reserve Program land being returned to production.