MacKenzie, Cameron

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Design Optimization for Resilience for Risk-Averse Firms

2020-01-01 , Giahi, Ramin , MacKenzie, Cameron , Hu, Chao , MacKenzie, Cameron , Mechanical Engineering , Electrical and Computer Engineering , Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering

Designers should try to design systems that are resilient to adverse conditions during a system’s lifetime. The resilience of a system under time-dependent adverse conditions can be assessed by modeling the degradation and recovery of the system’s components. Decision makers in a firm should attempt to find the optimal design to make the system resilient to the various adverse conditions. A risk-neutral firm maximizes the expected profit gained from fielding the system, but a risk-averse firm may sacrifice some profit in order to avoid failure from these adverse conditions. The uniqueness of this paper lies in its model of a design firm’s risk aversion with a utility function or Value-at-Risk (VAR) and its use of that model to identify the optimal resilient design for the risk-averse firm. These risk-averse decision-making methods are applied to a design firm determining the resilience of a new engineered system. This paper significantly advances the engineering design discipline by modeling the firm’s appetite for risk within the context of designing a system that can fail due to degradation in the presence of adverse events and can respond to and recover from failure. Since the optimization model requires a complex Monte Carlo simulation to evaluate the objective function, we use a ranking and selection method and Bayesian optimization to find the optimal design. This paper incorporates the design of the wind turbine and the reliability and restoration of the turbine’s components for both risk-neutral and risk-averse decision makers. The results show that in order to make the system more resilient, risk-averse firms should pay a larger design cost to prevent catastrophic costs of failure. In this case, the system is less likely to fail due to the high resilience of its physical components.

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Design Optimization under Long-Range Uncertainty

2018-05-19 , Giahi, Ramin , MacKenzie, Cameron , Hu, Chao , MacKenzie, Cameron , Mechanical Engineering , Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering

Flexibility in engineering system design: •Flexibility in system design and implications for aerospace systems (Saleh 2003) •A flexible and robust approach for preliminary engineering design based on designer's preference (, 2007) •A real options approach to hybrid electric vehicle architecture design for flexibility (Kang 2016) •Our research: •Simulation optimization •Long range uncertainty •Add flexibility and robustness to design

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Sequential exploration-exploitation with dynamic trade-off for efficient reliability analysis of complex engineered systems

2017-07-12 , Sadoughi, Mohammadkazem , Hu, Chao , MacKenzie, Cameron , MacKenzie, Cameron , Eshghi, Amin Toghi , Lee, Soobum , Mechanical Engineering , Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering

A new sequential sampling method, named sequential exploration-exploitation with dynamic trade-off (SEEDT), is proposed for reliability analysis of complex engineered systems involving high dimensionality and a wide range of reliability levels. The proposed SEEDT method is built based on the ideas of two previously developed sequential Kriging reliability methods, namely efficient global reliability analysis (EGRA) and maximum confidence enhancement (MCE) methods. It employs Kriging-based sequential sampling to build a surrogate model (i.e., Kriging model) that approximates the performance function of an engineered system, and performs Monte Carlo simulation on the surrogate model for reliability analysis. A new acquisition function, referred to as expected utility (EU), is developed to sequentially locate a computationally efficient set of sample points for constructing the Kriging model. The SEEDT method possesses three technical contributions: (i) defining a new utility function with several desirable properties that facilitates the joint consideration of exploration and exploitation over the course of sequential sampling; (ii) introducing a new exploration-exploitation trade-off coefficient that dynamically weighs exploration and exploitation to achieve a fine balance between these two activities; and (iii) developing a new convergence criterion based on the uncertainty in the prediction of the limit-state function (LSF). The effectiveness of the proposed method in reliability analysis is evaluated with several mathematical and practical examples. Results from these examples suggest that, given a certain number of sample points, the SEEDT method is capable of achieving better accuracy in predicting the LSF than the existing sequential sampling methods.