Theoretical study of hydrogen in [alpha]-YH[subscript x] and on Si(111) surface

dc.contributor.advisor Kai-Ming Ho
dc.contributor.author Min, Byeong
dc.contributor.department Physics and Astronomy
dc.date 2018-08-16T10:20:14.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:14:54Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:14:54Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1991
dc.date.issued 1991
dc.description.abstract <p>A first principles total energy calculation is performed to study hydrogen in an hcp metal, Y, under a Born-Oppenheimer approximation between Y and H. The equilibrium interstitial location, heat of formation, the change in the lattice constants and the bulk moduli, and the vibration frequencies of hydrogen are in excellent agreement with the experiment. However, the Born-Oppenheimer approximation is unable to make a quantitative prediction about the energy level splitting and hydrogen energy barrier between the interstitial sites. It would be out of reach to address these problems via a first principles technique. With this in mind, an empirical tight binding model is constructed for the simpler Si:H system and applied in a molecular dynamics simulation to study the hydrogen vibration on Si(111) surface. Our empirical tight binding model is able to provide an efficient and yet accurate description of hydrogen vibrations in the SiH[subscript]4 molecule and on the Si(111) surface. The frequency shift of the hydrogen stretching mode with temperature is investigated. The coupling between the hydrogen wagging mode and the Si substrate mode is verified. Also we have observed that there is a strong coupling between the hydrogen stretching mode and the wagging mode. It is hoped that this model would find greater use as computational capacity continues to grow rapidly.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/9668/
dc.identifier.articleid 10667
dc.identifier.contextkey 6360801
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-11406
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/9668
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/82791
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/9668/r_9212171.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:36:02 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Condensed Matter Physics
dc.subject.keywords Physics and astronomy
dc.subject.keywords Solid state physics
dc.title Theoretical study of hydrogen in [alpha]-YH[subscript x] and on Si(111) surface
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4a05cd4d-8749-4cff-96b1-32eca381d930
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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