Survival of Salmonella serovar Typhimurium inside porcine monocytes is associated with complement binding and suppression of the production of reactive oxygen species

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2003-01-01
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Donné, E.
Pasmans, F.
Ducatelle, R.
Haesebrouck, F.
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Macrophages are thought to play a major role in the development of Salmonella carriers in swine. It was the aim of the present study to characterize the interactions of a Salmonella serovar Typhimurium strain with porcine peripheral blood monocytes. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by monocytes and the numbers of intracellularly killed bacteria differed significantly between the different pigs used. Opsonization of Salmonella bacteria with complement significantly decreased bacterial killing. Interestingly, monocytic ROS production was suppressed by metabolically active bacteria. In conclusion, binding to host complement and suppression of monocyte ROS production enable ser. Typhimurium to survive for at least 6 hours in porcine monocytes. Moreover, individual differences of porcine monocytes to produce ROS and to kill the intracellular Salmonella bacteria might account for the development of the carrier state in some pigs and not in others.

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