Survival of Salmonella serovar Typhimurium inside porcine monocytes is associated with complement binding and suppression of the production of reactive oxygen species
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The SafePork conference series began in 1996 to bring together international researchers, industry, and government agencies to discuss current Salmonella research and identify research needs pertaining to both pig and pork production. In subsequent years topics of research presented at these conferences expanded to include other chemical and biological hazards to pig and pork production.
Macrophages are thought to play a major role in the development of Salmonella carriers in swine. It was the aim of the present study to characterize the interactions of a Salmonella serovar Typhimurium strain with porcine peripheral blood monocytes. The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by monocytes and the numbers of intracellularly killed bacteria differed significantly between the different pigs used. Opsonization of Salmonella bacteria with complement significantly decreased bacterial killing. Interestingly, monocytic ROS production was suppressed by metabolically active bacteria. In conclusion, binding to host complement and suppression of monocyte ROS production enable ser. Typhimurium to survive for at least 6 hours in porcine monocytes. Moreover, individual differences of porcine monocytes to produce ROS and to kill the intracellular Salmonella bacteria might account for the development of the carrier state in some pigs and not in others.