TEM study of the martensitic phases in the ductile DyCu and YCu intermetallic compounds

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2017-06-15
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Cao, G.
Oertel, C.-G.
Schaarschuch, R.
Skrotzki, W.
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Russell, Alan
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Materials Science and Engineering

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering teaches the composition, microstructure, and processing of materials as well as their properties, uses, and performance. These fields of research utilize technologies in metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and electronic materials.

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The Department of Materials Science and Engineering was formed in 1975 from the merger of the Department of Ceramics Engineering and the Department of Metallurgical Engineering.

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1975-present

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DyCu and YCu are representatives of the family of CsCI-type B2 rare earth intermetallic compounds that exhibit high room temperature ductility. Structure, orientation relationship, and morphology of the martensites in the equiatomic compounds DyCu and YCu are examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM studies show that the martensite structures in DyCu and YCu alloys are virtually identical. The martensite is of orthorhombic CrB-type B33 structure with lattice parameters a = 0.38 nm, b = 1.22 nm, and c = 0.40 nm. (02 (1) over bar) twins were observed in the B33 DyCu and YCu martensites. The orientation relationship of B33 and B2 phases is (11 (1) over bar)[112]B33 parallel to (110)[001]B2. The simulated electron diffraction patterns of the B33 phase are consistent with those of experimental observations. TEM investigations also reveal that a dominant orthorhombic FeB-type B27 martensite with lattice parameters a = 0.71 nm, b = 0.45 nm, and c = 0.54 nm exists in YCu alloy. (I (1) over barI) twins were observed in the B27 YCu martensite. The formation mechanism of B2 to B33 and B2 to B27 phase transformation is discussed.

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This is a manuscript of an article published as Cao, G. H., C-G. Oertel, R. Schaarschuch, W. Skrotzki, and A. M. Russell. "TEM study of the martensitic phases in the ductile DyCu and YCu intermetallic compounds." Acta Materialia 132 (2017): 345-353. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2017.05.005, Posted with permission.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017
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