Agronomic performance of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] hybrids

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2007-01-01
Authors
Perez, Paola
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Reid G. Palmer
Silvia R. Cianzio
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Agronomy

The Department of Agronomy seeks to teach the study of the farm-field, its crops, and its science and management. It originally consisted of three sub-departments to do this: Soils, Farm-Crops, and Agricultural Engineering (which became its own department in 1907). Today, the department teaches crop sciences and breeding, soil sciences, meteorology, agroecology, and biotechnology.

History
The Department of Agronomy was formed in 1902. From 1917 to 1935 it was known as the Department of Farm Crops and Soils.

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1902–present

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  • Department of Farm Crops and Soils (1917–1935)

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Abstract

Male sterility systems identified in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], combined with insect-mediated cross-pollination have been shown to produce large quantities of hybrid seed that can be useful for the identification of heterotic patterns in soybean. This procedure was used in this study to produce hybrid seed for the conduct of replicated yield trials. The objectives were: (1) to evaluate yield in hybrid soybean populations developed by single-crosses, three-way crosses, four-way crosses, five-way crosses, and backcrosses (BC1, BC2, and BC3), and (2) to estimate heterosis for yield, and other agronomic characteristics of the hybrid populations. Parental genotypes were male-sterile lines and a group of male parents selected for their agronomic performance. The few positive high-parent heterosis (HPH) and mid-parent heterosis (MPH) values obtained, suggest that many cross combinations need to be evaluated before heterotic combinations can be identified that will determine the feasibility of commercial hybrid soybean production.

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Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2007