Understanding Improvements to Low-Temperature Rheology of Stiff Binders Modified with Epoxidized Plant–Derived Oil Materials through Analytical Chemistry

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2020-01
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Podolsky, Joseph H.
Elkashef, Mohamed
Hernandez, Nacu
Hohmann, Austin
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ASTM International
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Cochran, Eric
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Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

The Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering seeks to apply knowledge of the laws, forces, and materials of nature to the construction, planning, design, and maintenance of public and private facilities. The Civil Engineering option focuses on transportation systems, bridges, roads, water systems and dams, pollution control, etc. The Construction Engineering option focuses on construction project engineering, design, management, etc.

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The Department of Civil Engineering was founded in 1889. In 1987 it changed its name to the Department of Civil and Construction Engineering. In 2003 it changed its name to the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.

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1889-present

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  • Department of Civil Engineering (1889-1987)
  • Department of Civil and Construction Engineering (1987-2003)
  • Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering (2003–present)

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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

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The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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Abstract
Through recent work at Iowa State University, great potential was seen from epoxidized plant oil materials, epoxidized benzyl soyate (EBS), and epoxidized methyl soyate (EMS) as fluxes/rejuvenators. This work found that improvement in low-temperature performance was greater than improvement in high-temperature performance for solvent de-asphalting (SDA) and residuum oil super critical extraction (ROSE) unit bottoms when using either EBS or EMS as compared to results from modified vacuum distillation tower bottoms with EBS and EMS. Based on these results, analytical chemistry was done using Fourier transformed infrared with attenuated total reflection and ion mobility mass spectrometry (IM-MS) equipment. Chemical analysis showed that there is indeed something in the SDA and ROSE binders that is interacting with both EBS and EMS, making them perform aggressively. The region of interest was identified from IM-MS to be between m/z 250 and m/z 400 for the SDA and ROSE binders, of which there were 35 common components where 29 of them had similar abundances in the SDA and ROSE binders.
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This article is published as J. H. Podolsky, M. Elkashef, N. Hernandez, A. Hohmann, R. C. Williams, and E. W. Cochran, “Understanding Improvements to Low-Temperature Rheology of Stiff Binders Modified with Epoxidized Plant–Derived Oil Materials through Analytical Chemistry,” Journal of Testing and Evaluation 48, no. 1 (January/February 2020): 200–210. https://doi.org/10.1520/JTE20180900. Copyright © 2019 by ASTM International. Posted with permission.
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