A hyperbolic two-fluid model for compressible flows with arbitrary material-density ratios

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Laurent, Frédérique
Vié, Aymeric
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Fox, Rodney
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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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A hyperbolic two-fluid model for gas–particle flow derived using the Boltzmann–Enskog kinetic theory is generalized to include added mass. In place of the virtual-mass force, to guarantee indifference to an accelerating frame of reference, the added mass is included in the mass, momentum and energy balances for the particle phase, augmented to include the portion of the particle wake moving with the particle velocity. The resulting compressible two-fluid model contains seven balance equations (mass, momentum and energy for each phase, plus added mass) and employs a stiffened-gas model for the equation of state for the fluid. Using Sturm's theorem, the model is shown to be globally hyperbolic for arbitrary ratios of the material densities Z=ρf/ρp (where ρf and ρp are the fluid and particle material densities, respectively). An eight-equation extension to include the pseudo-turbulent kinetic energy (PTKE) in the fluid phase is also proposed; however, PTKE has no effect on hyperbolicity. In addition to the added mass, the key physics needed to ensure hyperbolicity for arbitrary Z is a fluid-mediated contribution to the particle-phase pressure tensor that is taken to be proportional to the volume fraction of the added mass. A numerical solver for hyperbolic equations is developed for the one-dimensional model, and numerical examples are employed to illustrate the behaviour of solutions to Riemann problems for different material-density ratios. The relation between the proposed two-fluid model and prior work on effective-field models is discussed, as well as possible extensions to include viscous stresses and the formulation of the model in the limit of an incompressible continuous phase.


This article is published as Fox, Rodney, Frédérique Laurent, and Aymeric Vié. "A Hyperbolic Two-Fluid Model for Compressible Flows with Arbitrary Material-Density Ratios." Journal of Fluid Mechanics 903 (2020): A5. DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2020.615. Posted with permission.

Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2020