Toxic effects of a cyanobacterial strain on Chironomus riparius larvae in a multistress environment

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2022-10-02
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Stanković, Nikola
Kostić Kokić, Ivana
Stojković Piperac, Milica
Simeunović, Jelica
Jakimov, Dimitar
Dimkić, Ivica
Milošević, Djuradj
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© 2022 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology
Abstract
Cyanobacteria and their toxic metabolites present a global threat to water habitats, but their impact on aquatic organisms in a multistress environment has been poorly investigated. Here we present the results of a survey on the effects of the toxic cyanobacterial strain Trichormus variabilis (heterotypic synonym Anabaena variabilis), and its toxic metabolite, cyanotoxin microcystin-LR, on Chironomus riparius larvae in a multistress environment. An environmentally relevant concentration of microcystin-LR (0.1 mg/L) caused an increase in larvae mortality in an acute toxicity test, which became greater in the presence of environmental stressors (NO3−, NH4+, PO43− and Cd2+), pointing to an additive effect of these agents. Chronic exposure of C. riparius larvae to the microcystin-LR producing strain of T. variabilis in a multistress environment led to a reduction in the larval mass and hemoglobin concentration, and it induced DNA damage in larval somatic cells. The results revealed the additive effect of microcystin-LR in combination with all three tested stressors (NO3−, NH4+, PO43−), and the deleterious effect of chronic exposure of C. riparius larvae to the microcystin-LR producing T. variabilis in a multistress environment. However, the present study further emphasizes the importance of investigating interactions between stressors and cyanotoxins, and their effect on aquatic organisms.
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This is a manuscript of an article published as Stanković, Nikola, Boris Jovanović, Ivana Kostić Kokić, Milica Stojković Piperac, Jelica Simeunović, Dimitar Jakimov, Ivica Dimkić, and Djuradj Milošević. "Toxic effects of a cyanobacterial strain on Chironomus riparius larvae in a multistress environment." Aquatic Toxicology (2022): 106321. doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2022.106321. Posted with permission.

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