Pharmacokinetics of meloxicam in mature swine after intravenous andoral administration
The purpose of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of meloxicam in mature swine after intravenous (IV) and oral (PO) administration. Six mature sows (mean bodyweight ± standard deviation = 217.3± 65.68 kg) were administered an IV or PO dose of meloxicam at a target dose of 0.5 mg/kg in a cross-over design. Plasma samples collected up to 48 hours post-administration were analyzed by high pressure liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) followed by non-compartmental pharmacokinetic analysis. Mean peak plasma concentration (CMAX) after PO administration was 1070 ng/ml (645-1749 ng/ml). TMAX was recorded at 2.40 hour (0.50-12.00 hours) after PO administration. Half-life (T ½ λz) for IV and PO administration was 6.15 hours (4.39-7.79 hours) and 6.83 hours (5.18-9.63 hours) respectively. The bioavailability (F) for PO administration was 87% (39-351%). The results of the present study suggest that meloxicam is well absorbed after oral administration.
This is a manuscript of an article from Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 38 (2015): 265, doi:10.11 11/jvp.12170. Posted with permission.