Optimality of Clustering Properties of Space-Filling Curves

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Xu, Pan
Tirthapura, Srikanta
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Computer Science

Computer Science—the theory, representation, processing, communication and use of information—is fundamentally transforming every aspect of human endeavor. The Department of Computer Science at Iowa State University advances computational and information sciences through; 1. educational and research programs within and beyond the university; 2. active engagement to help define national and international research, and 3. educational agendas, and sustained commitment to graduating leaders for academia, industry and government.

The Computer Science Department was officially established in 1969, with Robert Stewart serving as the founding Department Chair. Faculty were composed of joint appointments with Mathematics, Statistics, and Electrical Engineering. In 1969, the building which now houses the Computer Science department, then simply called the Computer Science building, was completed. Later it was named Atanasoff Hall. Throughout the 1980s to present, the department expanded and developed its teaching and research agendas to cover many areas of computing.

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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Space-filling curves have been used in the design of data structures for multidimensional data for many decades. A fundamental quality metric of a space-filling curve is its “clustering number” with respect to a class of queries, which is the average number of contiguous segments on the space-filling curve that a query region can be partitioned into. We present a characterization of the clustering number of a general class of space-filling curves, as well as the first nontrivial lower bounds on the clustering number for any space-filling curve. Our results answer questions that have been open for more than 15 years.


This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Xu, Pan, and Srikanta Tirthapura. "Optimality of clustering properties of space-filling curves." ACM Transactions on Database Systems (TODS) 39, no. 2 (2014): 10. DOI: 10.1145/2556686. Posted with permission.

Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014