Regional Climate Information—Evaluation and Projections
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This chapter assesses regional climate information from Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Models (AOGCMs) and techniques used to enhance regional detail. These techniques have been substantially improved since the IPCC WGI Second Assessment Report (IPCC, 1996) (hereafter SAR) and have become more widely applied. They fall into three categories: high and variable resolution Atmosphere General Circulation Models (AGCMs); regional (or nested limited area) climate models (RCMs); and empirical/statistical and statistical/dynamical methods. The techniques exhibit different strengths and weaknesses and their use depends on the needs of specific applications.
This chapter is from Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis, ed. J. T. Houghton, Y. Ding, D. J. Griggs, M. Noguer, P. J. vad der Linden, X. Dai, K. Maskell, C. A. Johnson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.