Associations between the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity screening tool and the Youth Activity Profile

dc.contributor.advisor Gregory Welk
dc.contributor.author Klimesh, Kimberly
dc.contributor.department Kinesiology
dc.date 2018-08-11T08:55:15.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:56:18Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:56:18Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2015
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2015-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Childhood obesity affects one third of children and adolescents and is expected to increase in coming years. Obesity has been linked to both genetic and environmental factors with more recent research focusing on the role parents play in childhood obesity. The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) Screening tool was developed to provide practical ways to evaluate home obesogenic environments. However, no study to date has examined associations between FNPA scores and child behaviors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine associations between FNPA scores from parents and child reported lifestyle behaviors as assessed by an established self-report tool called the Youth Activity Profile (YAP). There were 464 4th and 5th graders who successfully complete the YAP. Out of the 464 students, 64 parents successfully completely the FNPA with a corresponding student ID number. Correlations were computed to assess associations between parental practices and child's behaviors related to three distinct categories: physical activity (PA), sedentary activity (SA), and nutrition (NUTR). High scores for PA and NUTR parenting practices and low scores for the SA practices indicate healthier parenting practices. High scores for all categories of the YAP indicate healthier behaviors. Within the FNPA survey there was a moderate correlation between positive NUTR practices and positive SA practices (r = 0.51). Within the YAP survey there were negative correlations between PA behaviors and SA behaviors (r = -0.30) and between NUTR behaviors and SA behaviors (r = -0.34, and positive correlations between PA behaviors and NUTR behaviors (r = 0.35). . Between surveys there was a positive correlation between FNPA PA and YAP PA (r = 0.27) and positive correlations between FNPA NUTR and YAP NUTR (r = 0.23). There was a negative correlation between higher FNPA SA scores and negative YAP SA behaviors (r = -0.42). In conclusion, there is a small to moderate association between the home environment and child's behaviors. Parents who promote physical activity, monitor screen time, and provide access to nutritious foods have children who report being more physically active, have less screen time, and have healthier eating patterns. These results indicate that the FNPA screening tool may be a useful to for school obesity prevent programs or a simple and quick way for parents to evaluate their own parenting practices.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/14378/
dc.identifier.articleid 5385
dc.identifier.contextkey 7907258
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-3930
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/14378
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/28563
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/14378/Klimesh_iastate_0097M_14907.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:19:09 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Health and Physical Education
dc.subject.disciplines Kinesiology
dc.subject.disciplines Medical Education
dc.subject.disciplines Public Health Education and Promotion
dc.subject.keywords Diet and Exercise
dc.subject.keywords FNPA
dc.subject.keywords Health
dc.subject.keywords parenting practices
dc.title Associations between the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity screening tool and the Youth Activity Profile
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f7b0f2ca-8e43-4084-8a10-75f62e5199dd
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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