Evaluation of 4 cycles of S1 recurrent selection in BSP1 and BSP2 popcorn populations

dc.contributor.author Foresman, Charles
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.date 2020-08-05T18:36:51.000
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-26T08:42:12Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-26T08:42:12Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2003
dc.date.issued 2003-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The improvement of germplasm and breeding populations is an important objective of maize breeding programs. S1 recurrent selection has been shown to be an effective means of intrapopulation improvement for many different crops and has been practiced extensively in maize. The objective of this study was to evaluate the direct and indirect response of 4 cycles of S1 recurrent selection in BSP1 and BSP2 popcorn breeding populations. The populations per se, interpopulation crosses, and both populations crossed to a tester from a different heterotic group were evaluated across seven environments throughout the U.S. Midwest. Regression estimates revealed that popping expansion increased 0.64 cc g−1 (or 1.63%) cycle−1 for the BSP1 population, 0.61 cc g−1 (or 1.52%) cycle−1 for the BSP2 population, 0.65 cc g−1 (or 1.64%) cycle−1 for the population cross, BSP1 x BSP2, and 0.63 cc g−1 (or 1.60%) cycle−1 for the reciprocal population cross, BSP2 x BSP1. Improvement for popping expansion in the populations crossed to the C0 and tester was about a third of what was observed in the populations per se, revealing an increase in the number of favorable alleles for popping expansion. Selection was effective in reducing root and stalk lodging. A European corn borer evaluation revealed an initial high level of resistance to leaf feeding and stalk tunneling within both populations with no significant differences across cycles or among crosses. Improvements in other agronomic traits were in also in the desired direction. These findings indicate that selection for increased popping expansion and improvement in other popcorn quality and agronomic traits can be done concurrently. The analysis of variance revealed that reciprocal effects (REC) played a role in the popping expansion trait but were not-significant for the other traits. This implies that testing reciprocal crosses for expansion could be useful if the objective of the testing is to identify the hybrid with the best popping expansion. The analysis of variance for GCA, SCA, and genetic effects revealed that additive-associated distances played a major role in traits affecting popping expansion and agronomics.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/19964/
dc.identifier.articleid 20963
dc.identifier.contextkey 18780096
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-20200803-186
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/19964
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/97331
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/19964/Foresman_ISU_2003_F67.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 22:01:25 UTC 2022
dc.subject.keywords Agronomy
dc.subject.keywords Plant breeding
dc.title Evaluation of 4 cycles of S1 recurrent selection in BSP1 and BSP2 popcorn populations
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a
thesis.degree.discipline Plant Breeding
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
1.16 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format