Rural-urban differences in substance use among African-American adolescents

dc.contributor.author Gibbons, Frederick
dc.contributor.author Reimer, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Gerrard, Meg
dc.contributor.author Cutrona, Carolyn
dc.contributor.author Yeh, Hsiu-Chen
dc.contributor.author Houlihan, Amy
dc.contributor.author Cutrona, Carolyn
dc.contributor.author Simons, Ron
dc.contributor.author Brody, Gene
dc.contributor.department Psychology
dc.contributor.department Human Development and Family Studies
dc.date 2020-04-20T18:31:44.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T06:24:54Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T06:24:54Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2007
dc.date.issued 2007-10-01
dc.description.abstract <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> To examine substance use differences among African‐American adolescents living in rural and more urban areas in Iowa and Georgia and factors thought to be related to those differences. Specifically, negative affect and perceived availability were examined as mediators of the relation between community size and alcohol, tobacco, and drug use. <strong>Methods:</strong> In‐home interviews with the adolescents (Time 1: N = 897, Mean age = 10.5) assessed their use, perceived substance availability, and negative affect across 3 waves. Their parents’ use was also assessed. Census data were used to determine community size (rural ≤ 2,500; urban ≥ 2,500). <strong>Findings:</strong> Perceived substance availability and use were both higher among the more urban adolescents. As expected, negative affect was a primary antecedent to use at each wave. Structural Equation Modeling indicated that the relation between population and use was mediated by perceived availability of the substances. Additional multigroup analyses indicated that the relations between negative affect and use were significantly stronger among the urban adolescents at all waves. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> Results suggest that stress or negative affect is an important antecedent to use among African‐American adolescents, especially when it occurs at an early age, but living in rural areas may be a buffer for both problems, in part, because exposure to this type of risk is lower in these environments.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is the peer-reviewed version of the following article: Gibbons, Frederick X., Rachel A. Reimer, Meg Gerrard, Hsiu‐Chen Yeh, Amy E. Houlihan, Carolyn Cutrona, Ron Simons, and Gene Brody. "Rural‐urban differences in substance use among African‐American adolescents." <em>The Journal of Rural Health</em> 23 (2007): 22-28., which has been published in final form at DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-0361.2007.00120.x" target="_blank">10.1111/j.1748-0361.2007.00120.x</a>. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/psychology_pubs/113/
dc.identifier.articleid 1111
dc.identifier.contextkey 17464010
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath psychology_pubs/113
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/57938
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/psychology_pubs/113/2007_CutronaCarolyn_RuralUrban.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:47:20 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2007.00120.x
dc.subject.disciplines Community Health and Preventive Medicine
dc.subject.disciplines Developmental Psychology
dc.title Rural-urban differences in substance use among African-American adolescents
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 796236b3-85a0-4cde-b154-31da9e94ed42
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication aa55ac20-60f6-41d8-a7d1-c7bf09de0440
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