Selected nutritional and biochemical characteristics of non-institutionalized rural elderly women living in Story City, Iowa

dc.contributor.advisor Pilar A. Garcia
dc.contributor.author Witte, Sylvia
dc.contributor.department Food and Nutrition
dc.date 2018-08-16T06:56:36.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:09:23Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:09:23Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1988
dc.date.issued 1988
dc.description.abstract <p>A study was conducted to examine selected nutritional and biochemical relationships in 65 non-institutionalized rural elderly female residents of Story City, Iowa. The female volunteers were mentally and physically able to participate in the study. They had no overt disease conditions and/or they were not taking any medications that would interfere with the study. Data collected by personal interview included medical history, drug usage, dietary information, height and weight history of 25 reference women (50-64 years), 28 "young-old" women (65-84 years) and 12 "old-old" women (85-92 years). Heights and weights were also measured. Fasting blood samples were obtained and analyzed for total serum cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), serum triglyceride, serum immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, IgM), serum albumin and total serum protein. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations were calculated. Serum lipids were not significantly affected by age, drug use or age by drug use interaction. Mean concentrations of total serum cholesterol, LDL-C, HDL-C and serum triglyceride were 7.03 mmol/L (272 mg/dL), 5.07 mmol/L (196 mg/dL), 1.29 mmol/L (50 mg/dL) and 1.51 mmol/L (134 mg/dL). Serum lipids were not significantly related to dietary lipids. Based on one 24-hour dietary recall, the average percent of energy from fat was 29, P:S ratio was 0.51 and dietary cholesterol intake was 193 mg. Mean serum IgA concentration was influenced by age but not by drug use or age by drug use interaction. Mean serum albumin levels were significantly affected by age but not by drug use. Mean total serum protein levels were affected by drug use but not by age. For all participants, mean concentrations of serum immunoglobulins, serum albumin and total serum proteins were within normal limits. Results of this study suggest that unidentified factors other than age, drug use or age by drug use interaction greatly affected serum lipid profiles and immunoglobulins in the well-elderly women.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/8814/
dc.identifier.articleid 9813
dc.identifier.contextkey 6344087
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-8847
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/8814
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/81844
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/8814/r_8825965.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:17:34 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Family, Life Course, and Society
dc.subject.disciplines Gerontology
dc.subject.disciplines Nutrition
dc.subject.keywords Food and nutrition
dc.subject.keywords Nutrition
dc.title Selected nutritional and biochemical characteristics of non-institutionalized rural elderly women living in Story City, Iowa
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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