Functional and expression analysis of heteromeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase subunit genes of Arabidopsis

dc.contributor.advisor Basil J. Nikolau
dc.contributor.author Li, Xu
dc.contributor.department Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology
dc.date 2018-08-24T21:44:12.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T08:00:42Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T08:00:42Z
dc.date.copyright Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2005
dc.date.issued 2005-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Plant heteromeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase (htACCase) catalyzes the first and committed reaction of de novo fatty acid biosynthesis in plastids. Arabidopsis htACCase consists of five subunits: BCCP-1, BCCP-2, BC, alpha-CT, and beta-CT. They were encoded by CAC1-A, CAC1-B, CAC2, CAC3, and accD genes, respectively. The expression of these five genes was studies by real-time RT-PCR and quantitative western analysis. At the mRNA level, CAC1-A, CAC2, CAC3, and accD genes are expressed at a constant molar ratio of 0.5:1.0:0.2:2.0 across all the organs examined, but the expression pattern of CAC1-B is different. At the protein level, there is no correlation in the accumulation among the five subunits;Analyses using different types of non-denaturing PAGE coupled with western blot analysis with subunit-specific antibodies were performed to study the subunit organization in htACCase complex. These results indicate that the Arabidopsis htACCase is a loose complex that readily dissociates. Analyses with reducing and non-reducing SDS-PAGE revealed the occurrence of homodimers of alpha-CT, and of beta-CT held together by disulfide bond(s). The dimerization was unaffected by illumination;Reverse genetics approaches were used to investigate the individual physiological significance of the two paralogous BCCP-coding genes, CAC1-A and CAC1-B. T-DNA knockout mutant analysis showed that disruption of CAC1-A gene results in embryo lethality, but disruption of CAC1-B gene has no discernible phenotype. In situ hybridization showed that CAC1-A and CAC1-B genes were expressed with similar spatial and temporal patterns during embryo development. This indicates that BCCP-1 and BCCP-2 have non-equivalent physiological roles. CAC1-A antisense plants showed a range of morphological changes, which correlate with the reduction in BCCP-1 accumulation. Similar to CAC1-A, disruption of CAC3 gene also results in the embryo lethal phenotype. The reduction of BCCP-1 results in reduced amount of fatty acids (on per plant basis) in leaves and seeds, but doesn't affect the fatty acid composition. In contrast, loss of BCCP-2 changes neither the amount nor the composition of seed fatty acids. These observations suggest that BCCP-1 is important for htACCase activity in planta, but BCCP-2 is dispensable. Further investigation is needed to elucidate the mechanism of the unidirectional redundancy between BCCP-1 and BCCP-2 subunits.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/1753/
dc.identifier.articleid 2752
dc.identifier.contextkey 6105388
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-12633
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/1753
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/71353
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/1753/r_3200440.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:25:04 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Plant Biology
dc.subject.keywords Biochemistry
dc.subject.keywords biophysics
dc.subject.keywords and molecular biology
dc.subject.keywords Biochemistry
dc.title Functional and expression analysis of heteromeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase subunit genes of Arabidopsis
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication faf0a6cb-16ca-421c-8f48-9fbbd7bc3747
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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