Pigs, goats and chickens for rural development: Small holder farmer’s experience in Uganda

Thumbnail Image
Date
2010-01-01
Authors
Ampaire, Agatha
Major Professor
Advisor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Authors
Person
Rothschild, Max
Distinguished Professor Emeritus
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
Animal Science

The Department of Animal Science originally concerned itself with teaching the selection, breeding, feeding and care of livestock. Today it continues this study of the symbiotic relationship between animals and humans, with practical focuses on agribusiness, science, and animal management.

History
The Department of Animal Husbandry was established in 1898. The name of the department was changed to the Department of Animal Science in 1962. The Department of Poultry Science was merged into the department in 1971.

Historical Names

Journal Issue
Is Version Of
Versions
Series
Department
Abstract

Rearing small livestock has been established as a promising pathway out of poverty for rural farmers in developing countries. In this study personal interviews were conducted with 113 owners of pigs, goats and chickens in Uganda to find out why the farmers choose to rear these animals, what opportunities existed and what challenges/limitations they faced regarding livelihood improvement. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics including frequency tables to summarize the data and cross tabulations to determine relationships between variables. Relationships between variables were examined using Chi square tests.

The major reasons given for why pigs were reared were all financially focused. Goats and chickens were reared for other reasons in addition to money. Only chickens were reared with eating and serving guests as a major reason. The farmer’s objectives and resources dictated the choice of animal species and number of animals reared. The marketing structure did not favor the farmers. Many farmers (49.9%) determined the asking price based on size and appearance of the animal. The price varied depending on the farmer’s need for the money and what the buyer was willing to pay. Farmers rarely slaughtered their animals to eat; they more frequently consumed products like eggs and milk. Points where intervention might improve the livelihood of these farmers are highlighted.

Comments

This is an article from Livestock Research for Rural Development 22 (2010): 1. Posted with permission.

Description
Keywords
Citation
DOI
Source
Copyright
Collections