Over-Nutrition and Changing Health Status in High Income Countries

dc.contributor.author Huffman, Wallace
dc.contributor.author Huffman, Sonya
dc.contributor.author Rickertsen, Kyrre
dc.contributor.author Huffman, Sonya
dc.contributor.department Economics
dc.date 2018-02-17T22:39:42.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:05:17Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:05:17Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2010
dc.date.issued 2010-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>As per capita incomes in developed countries have grown over the past three decades, overnutrition leading to obesity and elevated health risks for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and some forms of cancer has occurred. We use economic and econometric models to identify the impact of food prices on the aggregate demand for calories and the supply of health, as reflected in mortality rates. Our models are fitted to unique panel data for 18 developed countries over 1971-2001, a period when the relative price of food first rose and then declined steadily. Some findings, using de-trended data, are that a lower real price of food, of other purchased consumer goods and of time increase the demand for calories, one cause of energy imbalance, and the supply of mortality associated with obesity. These prices do not affect the rate of non-obesity-related mortality. Caloric intake is a normal good, contributing to energy imbalance as income increases, but higher incomes do reduce mortality risk. However, higher labor force participation rates, largely associated with rising numbers of working women, and a higher child dependency ratio lead to a higher rate of obesity-related mortality. An implication of our results is that further reductions in the price of food in developed countries can be expected to have a net negative impact on health as reflected in a higher mortality rate due to diseases that are linked to obesity— diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and most forms of cancer.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an article from <em>Forum for Health Economics & Policy </em>13 (2010): 2, doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.2202/1558-9544.1181" target="_blank">10.2202/1558-9544.1181</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/econ_las_pubs/194/
dc.identifier.articleid 1195
dc.identifier.contextkey 9235950
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath econ_las_pubs/194
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/21382
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/econ_las_pubs/194/2010_Huffman_OverNutrition.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:56:16 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.2202/1558-9544.1181
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural and Resource Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Econometrics
dc.subject.disciplines International Economics
dc.subject.keywords health
dc.subject.keywords mortality
dc.subject.keywords calories
dc.subject.keywords over-nutrition
dc.subject.keywords obesity
dc.subject.keywords food prices
dc.subject.keywords developed countries
dc.title Over-Nutrition and Changing Health Status in High Income Countries
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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