Defending the self: the role of the relational-interdependent self-construal

dc.contributor.advisor Susan E. Cross
dc.contributor.author Bacon, Pamela
dc.contributor.department Psychology
dc.date 2018-08-25T01:51:34.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:11:18Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:11:18Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2001
dc.date.issued 2001-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Individuals with relational-interdependent self-construals define themselves based on their important relationships. This organization of the self-concept has implications for self-enhancement and self-protection. High relationals should be motivated to maintain and strengthen important relationships. This motivation is a departure from typical self-enhancement research, which focuses on the motivation to emphasize one's own positive qualities. The purpose of this project was to examine how the relational self-construal is related to individuals' responses to threat.;Study 1 examined the relational self-construal and a threat to the self. For high relationals, some forms of self-enhancement, such as emphasizing individual traits and attributes, might conflict with motives to enhance important relationships. Participants learned that their partner (either a friend or a stranger) outperformed them on a test. It was hypothesized that high relationals who were outperformed by a close friend would be less threatened by their poor performance than other participants. The results revealed that a threat to one's intelligence resulted in lower negative partner evaluations among high relationals paired with a friend than among the other participants. Contrary to prediction, high relationals who were outperformed by a friend also reported higher levels of negative affect than the other three groups.;Study 2 examined the relational self-construal and a threat to a relationship. Threatening a relationship should be more aversive to high relationals than low relationals because the relationship is more self-defining for individuals with high relational self-construals. Participants were induced to write a negative evaluation of their partner. It was hypothesized that high relationals who wrote the negative evaluation about a close friend would feel more guilty and make a greater effort to repair the damage to the relationship than the other participants. The results revealed that partner enhancement was higher among high relationals paired with a friend than the other three groups, suggesting that the former group was trying to repair the relationship more than the other groups. The results from both studies suggest that the relational self-construal plays an important role in behavior and emotion.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/910/
dc.identifier.articleid 1909
dc.identifier.contextkey 6087664
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-12070
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/910
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/82162
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/910/r_3003223.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:28:39 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Social Psychology
dc.subject.disciplines Social Psychology and Interaction
dc.subject.keywords Social Psychology
dc.subject.keywords Psychology
dc.title Defending the self: the role of the relational-interdependent self-construal
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 796236b3-85a0-4cde-b154-31da9e94ed42
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
File
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Name:
r_3003223.pdf
Size:
2.54 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description: