Damping of de Haas-van Alphen oscillations and vortex-lattice disorder in the peak-effect region of extreme type-II borocarbide superconductors

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2011-03-01
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Maniv, A.
Maniv, T.
Zhuravlev, V.
Bergk, B.
Wosnitza, J.
Kohler, A.
Behr, G.
Sonier, J. E.
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Canfield, Paul
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Physics and Astronomy
Physics and astronomy are basic natural sciences which attempt to describe and provide an understanding of both our world and our universe. Physics serves as the underpinning of many different disciplines including the other natural sciences and technological areas.
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The study of magnetic quantum oscillations in the superconducting state is of fundamental importance for understanding the nature of superconductivity under high magnetic fields. However, although studied for more than three decades, this phenomenon poses several basic questions that still defy satisfactory answers. A key controversial issue concerns the additional damping observed in the vortex state of many strong type-II superconductors. Here, we show results of μSR, dHvA, and superconducting quantum interference device magnetization measurements on borocarbide superconductors, initially aimed at investigating the “phase-smearing” effect due to inhomogeneous field broadening. It is found, however, that a sharp drop observed in the dHvA amplitude just below Hc2 is correlated with enhanced disorder of the vortex lattice in the peak-effect region, where the phase-smearing effect is negligible. It is concluded that quasiparticle scattering by the pair potential is significantly enhanced due to vortex-lattice disorder, thus generating additional damping in the dHvA amplitude.

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This article is published as Maniv, A., T. Maniv, V. Zhuravlev, B. Bergk, J. Wosnitza, A. Köhler, G. Behr, P. C. Canfield, and J. E. Sonier. "Damping of de Haas-van Alphen oscillations and vortex-lattice disorder in the peak-effect region of extreme type-II borocarbide superconductors." Physical Review B 83, no. 10 (2011): 104505. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.104505. Posted with permission.

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Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2011
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