"Revolution can be avoided" : Le Corbusier and Taylorism in France, 1914-1929

dc.contributor.author Guenther, Ian
dc.date 2019-03-12T09:41:03.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T08:10:21Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T08:10:21Z
dc.date.copyright Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2005
dc.date.issued 2005-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Le Corbusier's (1887-1965) adoption of Frederick Winslow Taylor's Scientific Management in 1918 was a pivotal moment in Modern architecture. Taylorism promised social stability through the rationalization of the factory, increased profits and workers' wages. The adaptation of Tayloristic standardization and modularity formed the aesthetic basis of Le Corbusier's architecture of the 1920s. Taylorism endowed his architecture and urbanism with a greater social mission, justifying an elitist, technocratic and authoritarian ideology in the socially conservative tradition of the French political Right. The thesis examines the development of Taylorism in France as a component of dirigisme during and after World War I. The planned economy was a critical tool of the technocratic state and advocated by the authoritarian and traditionalist Action Francaise. Viewing Le Corbusier in this model, the thesis traces the formation of his political ideology through his early education and career. The maisons en série projects, new systems of construction employing the Tayloristic principles of standardization and modularity, were critical to the formulation of Le Corbusier's Purist aesthetic during the 1920s, and are examined in the villas at Weissenhof, Stuttgart (1927) and the Villa Savoye, Poissy (1928). Social organization is examined in the Contemporary City for Three Million (1922) and Plan Voisin (1925). The Workers' City at Pessac (1924) is studied as a synthesis of the Le Corbusier's architecture and urbanism. The principles of Taylorism adopted by Le Corbusier established him as a leader in the Modern movement, fulfilling his aspirations as a messianic figure. Through the rationalization of construction and planning systems, Le Corbusier's legacy profoundly shaped architecture in the twentieth century.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/18759/
dc.identifier.articleid 19759
dc.identifier.contextkey 13860825
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/18759
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/72693
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/18759/Guenther_ISU_2005_G84.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:46:16 UTC 2022
dc.subject.keywords Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies
dc.title "Revolution can be avoided" : Le Corbusier and Taylorism in France, 1914-1929
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
thesis.degree.discipline Interdisciplinary Graduate Studies
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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