Iron porphyrin catalyzed N-H insertion reactions

dc.contributor.author Baumann, Lynnette
dc.date 2019-07-10T01:54:17.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T08:11:38Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T08:11:38Z
dc.date.copyright Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2005
dc.date.issued 2005-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>A series of metalloporphyrin complexes was surveyed as catalysts using ethyl diazoacetate (EDA) as the carbene source for insertion into N-H bonds of amines. Iron(III) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride, Fe(TPP)Cl, was found to be an efficient catalyst for EDA insertion into N-H bonds of amines. A variety of aliphatic and aryl amines were studied, with most reactions reaching completion in 20 minutes or less giving insertion yields ranging from 68-97%. The reactions could be done in air with only a slight decrease in yield. Little dimerization of EDA was observed in these reactions. Primary amines were able to undergo a second insertion of EDA when done in a step-wise process. Imidazole underwent an N-H insertion, but other N-heterocyclic compounds which were not as basic, were poor substrates and afforded C-H insertion products or no reaction. To gain insight into the pathway of the insertion reaction, several mechanistic experiments were conducted including the decomposition of EDA and competition reactions. Decomposition of EDA occurred slowly in the presence of the catalyst and absence of amine, but was significantly enhanced when pyridine was present. These experiments suggested that an iron(III) porphyrin carbene complex is involved in the catalysis. Competition reactions were conducted with a series of para- substituted aniline derivatives and the relative rates correlated with [Sigma]+ on a Hammett plot. Electron donating groups enhanced the reaction as indicated by the negative value of [Rho] ([Rho]=-0.66 ± 0.05, R²=0.93). These results are consistent with a nucleophilic attack of the amine substrate at the carbene carbon.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/18919/
dc.identifier.articleid 19919
dc.identifier.contextkey 14540786
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/18919
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/72871
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/18919/Baumann_ISU_2005_B385.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:47:49 UTC 2022
dc.subject.keywords Inorganic Chemistry
dc.title Iron porphyrin catalyzed N-H insertion reactions
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
thesis.degree.discipline Inorganic Chemistry
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
File
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
Baumann_ISU_2005_B385.pdf
Size:
482.73 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description: