Developing baseline design criteria for people with lower body mobility impairments using inclusive design

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2018-01-01
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Cho, Sunhyung
Morris, Kristen
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International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings
Iowa State University Conferences and Symposia

The first national meeting of textile and clothing professors took place in Madison, Wisconsin in June 1959. With a mission to advance excellence in education, scholarship and innovation, and their global applications, the International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) is a professional and educational association of scholars, educators, and students in the textile, apparel, and merchandising disciplines in higher education.

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This research focused on developing apparel design criteria for men with lower-body mobility impairments and use a wheelchair to assist in mobility. The research procedure consisted of two phases of exploratory qualitative research: (a) a content analysis (Krippendorf, 1980) of adaptive apparel brands websites, products, and popular press articles, and (b) in-person interviews with men who use a wheelchair. Twelve adaptive apparel brands were collected. Seven male participants between the ages of 22-61 participated in the interviews. The researcher observed that fit, ease of donning and doffing, thermal protection, sensory sensitivity, storage, and easy care are essential functional aspects of adaptive clothing and the participants. In addition, independent living and social conformity were noted throughout the content analysis data and the interviews. Based on the findings, the researchers suggested baseline design criteria met the apparel needs of both PLBMI while also considering mainstream users in accordance with the IDC model.

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