Therapeutic Options for the Management of Myopia

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2023-05
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Luu, Tina
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Bracha, Vlastislav
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Luu
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Abstract
Myopia has become an increasing issue in adolescence due to linked causes including environmental factors. A few examples of prevalent environmental factors that have been linked to myopia in adolescents includes doing coursework for extended hours up close. Children are now spending less time outdoors and more time indoors with a handheld device. This has become a recent curiosity revolving the development of myopia. Another factor that could play a role in inducing myopia are genetic inheritance. Genetic factors can cause an increase in eye elongation along the visual axis of the eye, or factors such as corneal curvature and thickness. This paper aims to discuss and evaluate common techniques used for managing the progression of myopia. This particular visual disorder happens when the eye grows too long along its normal optical axis, when there is an issue with the shape of the cornea, or with the lens which helps the eye focus on objects. These issues cause the light passing through the eye to focus in front of the retina and not how it normally would, directly on the retina, which causes objects in distance to look blurry. The treatments commonly used to manage the progression of myopia we will discuss in this paper include eyeglasses, contact lenses, orthokeratology contact lenses, and surgical approaches such as laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and phakic intraocular lens implant surgery (pIOLs).
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2023