Smoluchowski ripening of Ag islands on Ag(100)

Thumbnail Image
Stoldt, C.
Jenks, Cynthia
Cadilhe, A.
Major Professor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Evans, James
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

Organizational Unit
Welcome to the exciting world of mathematics at Iowa State University. From cracking codes to modeling the spread of diseases, our program offers something for everyone. With a wide range of courses and research opportunities, you will have the chance to delve deep into the world of mathematics and discover your own unique talents and interests. Whether you dream of working for a top tech company, teaching at a prestigious university, or pursuing cutting-edge research, join us and discover the limitless potential of mathematics at Iowa State University!
Organizational Unit

The Department of Chemistry seeks to provide students with a foundation in the fundamentals and application of chemical theories and processes of the lab. Thus prepared they me pursue careers as teachers, industry supervisors, or research chemists in a variety of domains (governmental, academic, etc).

The Department of Chemistry was founded in 1880.

Dates of Existence

Related Units

Journal Issue
Is Version Of

Using scanning tunneling microscopy, we study the post-deposition coarsening of distributions of large, two-dimensional Ag islands on a perfect Ag(100) surface at 295 K. The coarsening process is dominated by diffusion, and subsequent collision and coalescence of these islands. To obtain a comprehensive characterization of the coarsening kinetics, we perform tailored families of experiments, systematically varying the initial value of the average island size by adjusting the amount of Ag deposited (up to 0.25 ML). Results unambiguously indicate a strong decrease in island diffusivity with increasing island size. An estimate of the size scaling exponent follows from a mean-field Smoluchowski rate equation analysis of experimental data. These rate equations also predict a rapid depletion in the initial population of smaller islands. This leads to narrowing of the size distribution scaling function from its initial form, which is determined by the process of island nucleation and growth during deposition. However, for later times, a steady increase in the width of this scaling function is predicted, consistent with observed behavior. Finally, we examine the evolution of Ag adlayers on a strained Ag(100) surface, and find significantly enhanced rates for island diffusion and coarsening.


The following article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics 111, no. 11 (1999): 5157–5166, doi:10.1063/1.479770.

Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1999