Insecticidal Activity of Monoterpenoids to Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Twospotted Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae), and Fouse Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Lee, Sangkyun Tsao, Rong Peterson, Christopher Coats, Joel
dc.contributor.department Entomology 2018-02-17T06:36:21.000 2020-06-30T02:23:21Z 2020-06-30T02:23:21Z Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1997 1997-08-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Acute toxicities of 34 naturally occurring monoterpenoids were evaluated against 3 important arthropod pest species; the larva of the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte; the adult of the twospotted spider mite. Tetranychus urticae Koch; and the adult house fly. Musca domestica L. Potential larvicidal or acaricidal activities of each monoterpenoid were determined by topical application, leaf-dip method, soil bioassay, and greenhouse pot tests. Phytotoxicity was also tested on a corn plant. Citronellic acid and thymol were the most topically toxic against the house fly, and citronellol and thujone were the most effective on the western corn rootworm. Most of the monoterpenoids were lethal to the twospotted spider mite at high concentrations; carvomenthenol and terpinen-4-ol were especially effective. A wide range of monoterpenoids showed some larvicidal activity against the western corn rootworm in the soil bioassay. Perillaldehyde, the most toxic (LC50 = 3 micrograms/g) in soil, was only 1/3 as toxic as carbofuran, a commercial soil insecticide (LC50 = 1 microgram/g). Selected monoterpenoids also effectively protected corn roots from attack by the western corn rootworm larvae under greenhouse conditions. alpha-Terpineol was the best monoterpenoid in the greenhouse pot test. The acute toxicity of monoterpenoids was low relative to conventional insecticides. Some monoterpenoids were phytotoxic to corn roots and leaves. l-Carvone was the most phytotoxic, whereas pulegone was the safest. The results with thymyl ethyl ether, one of the synthetic derivatives of thymol, showed a potential of derivatization to reduce monoterpenoid phytotoxicity.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Journal of Economic Entomology</em> 90 (1997): 883. Posted with permission.</p>
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dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1334
dc.identifier.contextkey 7874538
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ent_pubs/323
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 23:35:33 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Entomology
dc.subject.keywords Diabrotica virgifera virgifera
dc.subject.keywords Tetranychus urticae
dc.subject.keywords Musca domestica
dc.subject.keywords monoterpenoids
dc.subject.keywords insecticidal activity
dc.title Insecticidal Activity of Monoterpenoids to Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Twospotted Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae), and Fouse Fly (Diptera: Muscidae)
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dc.type.genre article
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication 8bcdfc38-7da7-4e3c-8039-e495b01cc710
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f47c8cad-50be-4fb0-8870-902ff536748c
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