Open-Shell Formulation of the Fragment Molecular Orbital Method
Performing accurate calculations on large molecular systems is desirable for closed- and open-shell systems. In this work, the fragment molecular orbital method is extended to open-shell systems and implemented in the GAMESS (General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System) program package. The accuracy of the method is tested, and the ability to reproduce reaction enthalpies is demonstrated. These tests also demonstrate its utility in providing an efficient means to model large open-shell systems.