Considerations for Dealing with Real-Time Communications in an Intelligent Team Tutoring System Experiment

Date
2018-01-01
Authors
Sinatra, Anne
Gilbert, Stephen
Dorneich, Michael
Dorneich, Michael
Winer, Eliot
Ostrander, Alec
Ouverson, Kaitlyn
Gilbert, Stephen
Johnston, Joan
Sottilare, Robert
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Source URI
Altmetrics
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Aerospace Engineering
Organizational Unit
Psychology
Organizational Unit
Journal Issue
Series
Abstract

In our paper we discuss an intelligent team tutoring system (ITTS) developed for a computer-based surveillance task experiment. In the experiment, two teammates worked together in a shared Virtual Battlespace 2 environment, and tutoring was provided by the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring. Feedback was triggered by the actions that the team members took, which were largely communications based. Since natural language processing software was not available in the tutor, we devised ways to measure and react to communications in real time. Team members both pushed keyboard buttons associated with the message they intended to send (which was processed by the computer and used to drive feedback) and were asked to verbally speak the same information to their teammates. In this paper, we discuss the reasoning behind the process used, challenges associated with using real-time communication in an ITTS, and initial analysis approaches that were done using the audio recordings of teammates' sessions. Emphasis is placed on how to reconcile real-time inputs to the computer system with audio recordings that occurred during the session and were later used for analysis. We discuss the challenges we encountered engaging with a real-time ITTS, which relies on communications between team members, and provide suggestions on addressing these challenges for future experiments.

Description
<p>This proceeding is published as Sinatra, Anne M., Stephen Gilbert, Michael Dorneich, Eliot Winer, Alec Ostrander, Kaitlyn Ouverson, Joan Johnston, and Robert Sottilare. "Considerations for dealing with real-time communications in an intelligent team tutoring system experiment." <em>Proceedings of the Assessment and Intervention during Team Tutoring Workshop held in conjuction with the 19th Artificial Intelligence in Education Conference (AIED 2018)</em>. Pages 28-35.</p>
Keywords
Team Tutoring, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring, Communication
Citation