Application of a combined catalyst and sorbent for steam reforming of methane

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2010-01-01
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Shanks, Brent
Wheelock, Thomas
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Chemical and Biological Engineering
Abstract

The performance of a combined catalyst and sorbent material designed for reforming hydrocarbons was evaluated by reacting methane with steam at different temperatures and pressures in a reactor packed with the material. The combined material was in the form of small spherical pellets comprised of a sorbent core of lime encased in a porous shell made largely of sintered alumina that supported a nickel catalyst. On the basis of previous research, two shell formulations were included in the study. One shell formulation contained a small quantity of CaO for strengthening of the shells, whereas the other contained a similar quantity of La2O3. Reaction testing of the combined catalyst and sorbent over a temperature range of 550-650 °C and a pressure range of 1.0-10.0 atm showed that pellets with either shell formulation were capable of producing H2 at or near thermodynamic equilibrium levels during a period when CO2 was being rapidly absorbed by the core material. Limited lifecycle testing of the combined catalyst and sorbent was also conducted at 650 °C and 1.0 atm over 10 cycles of H2 production and sorbent regeneration. A product stream with 98 mol % H 2 (dry basis) was produced during the rapid CO2 absorption period of each cycle. However, the length of this period declined with each cycle.

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Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 49 (2010): 4091, doi: 10.1021/ie901914c. Copyright 2010 American Chemical Society.

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Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2010
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