Ultrasonic Inspection, Material Noise and Surface Roughness
The ultrasonic detection of subsurface flaws, such as cracks or voids, may be greatly degraded by the presence of rough surfaces [1,2]. The loss of signal-to-noise arises for three reasons. First, the randomization of the phase of the wave by the roughness may reduce the phase coherent signal from the flaw. Second, additional noise is generated directly by the reflection of the incident beam by the rough surface. Finally, the material noise is modified.