Why Do Rural Firms Live Longer?

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Date
2011-04-01
Authors
Yu, Li
Jolly, Robert
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Economics

The Department of Economic Science was founded in 1898 to teach economic theory as a truth of industrial life, and was very much concerned with applying economics to business and industry, particularly agriculture. Between 1910 and 1967 it showed the growing influence of other social studies, such as sociology, history, and political science. Today it encompasses the majors of Agricultural Business (preparing for agricultural finance and management), Business Economics, and Economics (for advanced studies in business or economics or for careers in financing, management, insurance, etc).

History
The Department of Economic Science was founded in 1898 under the Division of Industrial Science (later College of Liberal Arts and Sciences); it became co-directed by the Division of Agriculture in 1919. In 1910 it became the Department of Economics and Political Science. In 1913 it became the Department of Applied Economics and Social Science; in 1924 it became the Department of Economics, History, and Sociology; in 1931 it became the Department of Economics and Sociology. In 1967 it became the Department of Economics, and in 2007 it became co-directed by the Colleges of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Liberal Arts and Sciences, and Business.

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1898–present

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  • Department of Economic Science (1898–1910)
  • Department of Economics and Political Science (1910-1913)
  • Department of Applied Economics and Social Science (1913–1924)
  • Department of Economics, History and Sociology (1924–1931)
  • Department of Economics and Sociology (1931–1967)

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Abstract

For the first thirteen years after entry, the hazard rate for firm exits is persistently higher for urban than for rural firms. While differences in observed industry market, local market, and firm attributes explain some of the rural/urban gap in firm survival, rural firms retain a survival advantage 18% greater in Iowa and 58% greater in Kansas than observationally equivalent urban firms. Evidence is consistent with a lower salvage price for the capital assets of failed rural firms. Entrepreneurs will require a higher success probability to enter a rural market rather than an urban market to leave their expected profits equal.

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This is a working paper of an article from American Journal of Agricultural Economics 93 (2011): 673, doi: 10.1093/ajae/aaq173.

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