The Magnitude of the Testing Effect Is Independent of Retrieval Practice Performance

dc.contributor.author Chan, Jason
dc.contributor.author Davis, Sara
dc.contributor.author Yurtsever, Asli
dc.contributor.author Myers, Sarah
dc.contributor.department Psychology
dc.date.accessioned 2024-05-08T13:57:06Z
dc.date.available 2024-05-08T13:57:06Z
dc.date.issued 2024
dc.description.abstract Practicing retrieval is a potent learning enhancer. Theoretical accounts of the testing effect generally suggest that the magnitude of the testing effect is dependent on retrieval practice performance, such that conditions that promote better retrieval practice performance should result in a greater testing effect. Empirical evidence, however, has been mixed. Although some studies showed a positive association between retrieval practice performance and the testing effect, others have shown either no relation or the reverse. In the present study, we experimentally manipulated retrieval practice performance using a retrieval-based response deadline manipulation and an encoding-based study trial manipulation. Across six experiments, the magnitude of the testing effect was independent of retrieval practice performance. However, when we aggregated the data across the experiments, participants with superior retrieval practice performance showed a greater testing effect—an individual difference. This dissociation between experimental and correlational outcomes suggests that the positive relation between retrieval practice performance and the testing effect is not causal, and indeed, simulation data showed that the correlation between retrieval practice performance and testing effect was an artifact. We discuss the challenges these findings present to existing accounts of the testing effect.
dc.description.comments This article is published as Chan, J. C. K., Davis, S. D., Yurtsever, A., & Myers, S. J. (2024). The magnitude of the testing effect is independent of retrieval practice performance.Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0001593. Posted with permission. <br>This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0). This license permits copying and redistributing the work in any medium or format for noncommercial use provided the original authors and source are credited and a link to the license is included in attribution. No derivative works are permitted under this license.
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/VrO5m1Ew
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher American Psychological Association
dc.source.uri https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0001593 *
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Social and Behavioral Sciences::Psychology::Cognition and Perception
dc.title The Magnitude of the Testing Effect Is Independent of Retrieval Practice Performance
dc.type Article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 6b21bbe1-e5e9-4996-9c20-866944f45210
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 796236b3-85a0-4cde-b154-31da9e94ed42
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