Quantitative X-Ray Tomography for the Development of a Piston Casting Process

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1995
Authors
Dasch, Cameron
Jones, C. Coleman
Dunn, Wilbert
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Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation
Center for Nondestructive Evaluation

Begun in 1973, the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) is the premier international NDE meeting designed to provide an interface between research and early engineering through the presentation of current ideas and results focused on facilitating a rapid transfer to engineering development.

This site provides free, public access to papers presented at the annual QNDE conference between 1983 and 1999, and abstracts for papers presented at the conference since 2001.

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Abstract

The development of castings for automotive components [1] can be accelerated by “statistical experimental design” or Taguchi-like methods [2] which use quantitative measures of the component quality to isolate and optimize the casting control parameters. In the present work the internal quality of aluminum pistons is determined using x-ray tomography. This technique allows internal voids such as shrink porosity to be detected. Both these defects occur when the gates or risers supplying molten aluminum freeze before the casting is completely solidified. These voids can be eliminated by carefully selected mold designs and casting conditions which lead to directional solidification. A casting development cycle is illustrated in Fig. 1 and shows how the casting parameters can be optimized during mold-tryout using statistical experimental design methods.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1995