Growth Response and Carcass Characteristics of Yearling Steers Subjected to Differing Implant Strategies
A 106-day demonstration utilizing yearling steers to measure feedlot performance and carcass response to implant strategies was conducted at the ISU Allee Demonstration Farm. Treatments were: 100 mg progesterone + 10 mg estradiol benzoate (ComponentÒ EC) on day 0 followed by 120 mg trenbolone acetate + 24 mg estradiol (ComponentÒ TES) implant 57 days later, or 120 mg trenbolone acetate + 24 mg estradiol (ComponentÒ TES) only on day 0. The control group received no implant. The steers were weighed every 28 days and ultrasound data were collected from demonstration initiation until slaughter. The cattle were marketed as one group on d 106 of the demonstration. Implanted cattle had higher average daily gains, heavier carcass weights, larger rib eye areas, and tended to have improved feed efficiency over control steers. Additionally, the reimplanted steers had higher marbling scores than controls, but no differences existed between once and twice-implanted steers.