Inverstigation of Thermal Diffusivity of Composite Material by 'Mirage Effect'

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Zhang, X. R.
Gan, C. M.
Zhou, J. Y.
Wang, F. C.
Ying, M. F.
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Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation
Center for Nondestructive Evaluation

Begun in 1973, the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) is the premier international NDE meeting designed to provide an interface between research and early engineering through the presentation of current ideas and results focused on facilitating a rapid transfer to engineering development.

This site provides free, public access to papers presented at the annual QNDE conference between 1983 and 1999, and abstracts for papers presented at the conference since 2001.


Thermal difrusivity is one of the important physical properties of composite materials, no matter it is used as structural or functional elements. The determination of thermal diffusivity of composite is important. Copper-Carbon and Silver-Carbon fiber composites (here after Cu-Cf and Ag-Cf) possess the properties of both of Cu and Carbon fiber. The properties of the composite are adjusted within a certain range by changing the volume and/or arrangement of carbon fiber. Thus to study the thermal difrusivity of Cu-Cf as a function of the volume fraction and the arrangement of Carbon fiber is significant for seeking the condition of that the composite with light weight, high strength, appropriate thermal diffusivity and electrical conductivity, for example, it is possible to make Cu-Cf near to metal element Mo. ‘Mirage effect’ method used first by Kuo et. al.[1] is a useful tool for determination thermal diffusivity of materials. The advantages of it are local, contactless and sensitive. So far, the value of thermal difrusivity for isotropic materials from the lowest value 5 10E-5 cm 2/ s of polymer to the highest 18.5 cm2/s of diamond respectively were obtained by Kuo et. al.[2,3]. The anisotropic thermal difrusivity was measured by Zhang et. al.[4]. However few of the reports are related to composites [5].

Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1995