Performance evaluation of a wood-chip based biofilter using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy–olfactometry

Date
2008-11-01
Authors
Hoff, Steven
Chen, Lide
Hoff, Steven
Koziel, Jacek
Cai, Lingshuang
Zelle, Brian
Koziel, Jacek
Sun, Gang
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Food Science and Human NutritionCivil, Construction and Environmental EngineeringAgricultural and Biosystems EngineeringToxicology
Abstract

A pilot-scale mobile biofilter was developed where two types of wood chips (western cedar and 2 in. hardwood) were examined to treat odor emissions from a deep-pit swine finishing facility in central Iowa. The biofilters were operated continuously for 13 weeks at different air flow rates resulting in a variable empty bed residence time (EBRT) from 1.6 to 7.3 s. During this test period, solid-phase microextraction (SPME) PDMS/DVB 65 μm fibers were used to extract volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from both the control plenum and biofilter treatments. Analyses of VOCs were carried out using a multidimentional gas chromatography–mass spectrometry–olfactometry (MDGC–MS–O) system. Results indicated that both types of chips achieved significant reductions in p-cresol, phenol, indole and skatole which represent some of the most odorous and odor-defining compounds known for swine facilities. The results also showed that maintaining proper moisture content is critical to the success of wood-chip based biofilters and that this factor is more important than media depth and residence time.

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This is a manuscript of an article published as Chen, Lide, Steven J. Hoff, Jacek A. Koziel, Lingshuang Cai, Brian Zelle, and Gang Sun. "Performance evaluation of a wood-chip based biofilter using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy–olfactometry." Bioresource Technology 99, no. 16 (2008): 7767-7780. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2008.01.085. Posted with permission.

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