Resettlement adjustment patterns to rural development programs: the case of Tiga dam in Kano State of Nigeria
In Nigeria, the government is the major initiator of projects to improve the economy and of efforts to reform or modernize the society. These projects consequently are designed with little or no consultation with the people who are to be affected by them. One of such projects, the subject of this thesis, is the construction of Tiga dam in Kano State which resulted in the relocation of about 12,000 people. In the thesis, relocation of rural people (resettlement) is conceived of as a development project and a perspective was developed that rural communities undergoing compulsory resettlement respond in the same general fashion irrespective of their sociocultural background and of the policy of resettlement authorities. This theoretical framework includes problems of socioeconomic adjustment, perception of the conditions and opportunities created by the project and factors affecting the displaced persons' responses to a development project;Data were obtained by means of personal interviews with 344 household heads selected at random in four new villages. Percentages are employed to report certain aspects of the study. Gamma ((gamma)) as a measure of association of ordinal data is used to analyze some relationships while Pearson correlations and multiple regression procedures are used to analyze interval level measures;Problems of socioeconomic adjustment were found to be those that concern the social and economic well-being of the relocatees--farmland, housing, water supplies and so on. It also was found that, in general, the affected persons viewed the various conditions and opportunities created by the project as having beneficial effects;It was found that same variables tended to affect perceptions of the conditions and opportunities created by the project and apprehension of new communities. Size of farm and involvement in project activities in particular were found to be important determinants of perception of the conditions and opportunities created by the project and apprehension of new communities;Size of farm, length of awareness of inundation, knowledge of agencies and their roles, length of residence on the project, involvement in project activities and vested interests served by the project were found to be positively and significantly related to attitudes toward the project. The variables in the model explained about 44% of the variation in attitudes toward the project. However, involvement in project activities, length of residence on the project and size of farm operated by the relocatee, together, explained more of the variation in attitudes toward the project;The implications of the study for sociological theory, research and planning applications are discussed.