Management Practices Considerations
The variability in regional soil and climate conditions are key factors in selecting any management practices including tillage and cropping systems that will ultimately influence soil health and crop response. Crop response to tillage systems has been demonstrated to be different for the same tillage system in different parts of the state or regions elsewhere. Different tillage systems affect soil temperature, soil moisture conditions, soil compaction, soil productivity, nitrogen movement and N availability differently. These effects will be reflected in soil's biological, chemical and physical properties optimum functions or soil health and will subsequently affect productivity. Management practices include many tools we use to manipulate soil conditions such as soil temperature specifically in poorly drained areas where it plays a significant role in early seed germination, organic N mineralization, nutrient and residue incorporation, and weed and pest control.