Socio-ecological barriers and motivators to dry pulse consumption among low-income women in Iowa

dc.contributor.advisor Donna M. Winham
dc.contributor.author Palmer, Shelly
dc.contributor.department Food Science and Human Nutrition
dc.date 2018-08-11T06:19:21.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:11:02Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:11:02Z
dc.date.copyright Tue May 01 00:00:00 UTC 2018
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2018-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Introduction: Low-socioeconomic populations have increased risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. There are numerous challenges these households may come across such as restraints on time, funds, and resources for food purchasing decisions. Individual nutrition knowledge, household wants, food availability in the community, and nutrition policies affect foods purchased and consumed. Four nutrients currently under-consumed by the US population include potassium, fiber, calcium, and iron which are labeled as nutrients of concern by the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines. A nutrient dense food that provides a good amount of fiber, protein, and several micronutrients are pulses, or dry, edible varieties of beans, peas, and lentils. The current pulse intake in the US is à ½- 1 cup per week which is well below the recommendations of 2-3 cups/week for men and 1.5-2 cups/week for women.</p> <p>Objectives: The goals of this thesis are to 1) determine socioecological barriers and motivators to legume consumption; 2) assess the knowledge regarding health benefits of pulses among low-socioeconomic women in Iowa; and 3) determine current pulse consumption.</p> <p>Conclusions: Results from the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions survey and focus group qualitative analyses indicate knowledge gaps in the health benefits of pulses. According to dietary assessment screeners, current pulse consumption is very low among the US population. Acculturation patterns show Hispanic-dominant participants having greater pulse consumption as compared to English-dominant participants. Community factors illustrate great availability of pulses in grocery stores. Interpersonal and individual barriers include: limited knowledge of preparation methods, specific health benefits of beans, and household influences.</p> <p>These mixed method results can be used to develop a nutrition education plan including a hands-on demonstration with recipes on how to incorporate pulses into individual's everyday diets. By increasing participant's pulse consumption, the prevalence of chronic disease may decrease and the nutritional quality may rise.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/16431/
dc.identifier.articleid 7438
dc.identifier.contextkey 12319011
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-6061
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/16431
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/30614
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/16431/Palmer_iastate_0097M_17128.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:00:18 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Human and Clinical Nutrition
dc.subject.disciplines Nutrition
dc.subject.keywords Focus group
dc.subject.keywords Low socioeconomic
dc.subject.keywords Perception of pulses
dc.subject.keywords Socio ecological model
dc.title Socio-ecological barriers and motivators to dry pulse consumption among low-income women in Iowa
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4b6428c6-1fda-4a40-b375-456d49d2fb80
thesis.degree.discipline Diet and Exercise
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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