Enhanced moments of Eu in single crystals of the metallic helical antiferromagnet EuCo2-yAs2

dc.contributor.author Sangeetha, N.
dc.contributor.author Anand, V.
dc.contributor.author Cuervo-Reyes, Eduardo
dc.contributor.author Smetana, V.
dc.contributor.author Mudring, A.-V.
dc.contributor.author Johnston, David
dc.contributor.department Ames Laboratory
dc.contributor.department Physics and Astronomy
dc.date 2018-05-02T04:07:18.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:20:59Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:20:59Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The compound EuCo2-yAs2 with the tetragonal ThCr2Si2 structure is known to contain Eu+2 ions with spin S = 7/2 that order below a temperature T-N approximate to 47 K into an antiferromagnetic (AFM) proper helical structure with the ordered moments aligned in the tetragonal ab plane, perpendicular to the helix axis along the c axis, with no contribution from the Co atoms. Here we carry out a detailed investigation of the properties of single crystals. We consistently find about 5% vacancies on the Co site from energy-dispersive x-ray analysis and x-ray diffraction refinements. Enhanced ordered and effective moments of the Eu spins are found in most of our crystals. Electronic structure calculations indicate that the enhanced moments arise from polarization of the d bands, as occurs in ferromagnetic Gd metal. Electrical resistivity measurements indicate metallic behavior. The low-field in-plane magnetic susceptibilities x(ab) (T < T-N) for several crystals are reported that are fitted well by unified molecular field theory (MFT), and the Eu-Eu exchange interactions J(ij) are extracted from the fits. High-field magnetization M data for magnetic fields H parallel to ab reveal what appears to be a first-order spin-flop transition followed at higher field by a second-order metamagnetic transition of unknown origin, and then by another second-order transition to the paramagnetic (PM) state. For H parallel to c, the magnetization shows only a second-order transition from the canted AFM to the PM state, as expected. The critical fields for the AFM to PM transition are in approximate agreement with the predictions of MFT. Heat capacity C-p measurements in zero and high H are reported. Phase diagrams for H parallel to c and H parallel to ab versus T are constructed from the high-field M(H, T) and C-p(H, T) measurements. The magnetic part C-mag(T, H = 0) of C-p(T, H = 0) is extracted and is fitted rather well below T-N by MFT, although dynamic short-range AFM order is apparent in Cmag(T) up to about 70 K, where the molar entropy attains its high-T limit of R ln 8.</p>
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ameslab_manuscripts/160/
dc.identifier.articleid 1155
dc.identifier.contextkey 12024873
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ameslab_manuscripts/160
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/7079
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries IS-J 9613
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ameslab_manuscripts/160/IS_J_9613.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:53:42 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.144403
dc.subject.disciplines Condensed Matter Physics
dc.subject.disciplines Materials Science and Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Metallurgy
dc.subject.disciplines Physics
dc.title Enhanced moments of Eu in single crystals of the metallic helical antiferromagnet EuCo2-yAs2
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 25913818-6714-4be5-89a6-f70c8facdf7e
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4a05cd4d-8749-4cff-96b1-32eca381d930
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