Assessment of immediate production impact following attenuated PRRS type 2 virus vaccination in swine breeding herds

Date
2019-01-01
Authors
Linhares, Daniel
Amorim Moura, Cesar Augus
Johnson, Clayton
Baker, Samuel
Wang, Chong
Holtkamp, Derald
Wang, Chong
Linhares, Daniel
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Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
Abstract

Background

To mitigate production impact of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus outbreaks, it has been common to preventively vaccinate swine breeding herds using PRRS modified live virus (MLV) vaccine. However, attenuated PRRS virus (PRRSv) may result negative impact on farm productivity. The objective of this study was to measure the immediate impact of PRRS type 2 MLV vaccine on breeding herd performance under field conditions. Eight PRRS-stable farms routinely mass vaccinating females with commercial PRRS MLV vaccines were enrolled on study. Vaccination dates were collected and weekly changes in abortions, neonatal losses, pre-weaning mortality, pigs weaned per sow, and wean-to-first-service interval were assessed for up to 6 weeks after each vaccination. A 6-week period prior to each vaccination was established as baseline. Statistical process control (SPC) analysis was conducted to detect significant productivity decreases after MLV interventions, on each farm, and a mixed regression model was used, at the aggregated data level, to assess the productivity change 6 weeks after PRRS MLV vaccinations, compared to baseline.

Results

Out of 65 herd-MLV vaccinations, SPC analysis detected increase on abortions 4 times (6.1%), on neonatal losses 7 times (10.7%), on pre-weaning mortality 2 times (3%), on wean-to-first-service interval 2 times (3%), and no change in total pigs weaned. On aggregated data analysis, there was no significant change in abortion rate, neonatal losses, number of pigs weaned per sow, and wean-to-first-service interval. However, there was an increase of 0.26% of pre-weaning mortality 2 weeks after vaccination compared to the baseline.

Conclusions

Under study conditions, individual PRRS-stable sow farms had experienced transient, and numerically small changes in productivity following PRRS type 2 MLV vaccination. There was a small increase of pre-weaning mortality 2 weeks after vaccination, but no evidence of significant production impact at aggregated data analysis for abortion rate, neonatal losses, pigs weaned per sow and wean-to-first-service interval.

Comments

This article is published as Moura, Cesar A.A., Clayton Johnson, Samuel R. Baker, Derald J. Holtkamp, Chong Wang, and Daniel C.L. Linhares. "Assessment of immediate production impact following attenuated PRRS type 2 virus vaccination in swine breeding herds." Porcine Health Management 5, no. 1 (2019): 13. DOI: 10.1186/s40813-019-0120-2. Posted with permission.

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