The B73 Maize Genome: Complexity, Diversity, and Dynamics Schnable, Patrick Ware, Doreen Ying, Kai Yeh, Cheng-Ting Emrich, Scott Jia, Yi Kalyanaraman, Ananth Nettleton, Dan Hsia, An-Ping Fu, Yan Liu, Sanzhen Myers, Alan Nettleton, Dan Aluru, Srinivas
dc.contributor.department Statistics
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.contributor.department Electrical and Computer Engineering
dc.contributor.department Genetics, Development and Cell Biology
dc.contributor.department Statistics
dc.contributor.department Center for Plant Genomics 2019-08-24T14:22:33.000 2020-07-02T06:57:12Z 2020-07-02T06:57:12Z 2009-11-20
dc.description.abstract <p>We report an improved draft nucleotide sequence of the 2.3-gigabase genome of maize, an important crop plant and model for biological research. Over 32,000 genes were predicted, of which 99.8% were placed on reference chromosomes. Nearly 85% of the genome is composed of hundreds of families of transposable elements, dispersed nonuniformly across the genome. These were responsible for the capture and amplification of numerous gene fragments and affect the composition, sizes, and positions of centromeres. We also report on the correlation of methylation-poor regions with <em>Mu</em> transposon insertions and recombination, and copy number variants with insertions and/or deletions, as well as how uneven gene losses between duplicated regions were involved in returning an ancient allotetraploid to a genetically diploid state. These analyses inform and set the stage for further investigations to improve our understanding of the domestication and agricultural improvements of maize.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Schnable, Patrick S., Doreen Ware, Robert S. Fulton, Joshua C. Stein, Fusheng Wei, Shiran Pasternak, Chengzhi Liang et al. "The B73 maize genome: complexity, diversity, and dynamics." <em>science</em> 326, no. 5956 (2009): 1112-1115. doi: <a href="" target="_blank">10.1126/science.1178534</a>.</p>
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dc.identifier.articleid 1206
dc.identifier.contextkey 14847269
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dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 22:34:04 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1126/science.1178534
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Computational Biology
dc.subject.disciplines Genetics and Genomics
dc.subject.disciplines Plant Breeding and Genetics
dc.title The B73 Maize Genome: Complexity, Diversity, and Dynamics
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
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