Quality Assured Measurements of Animal Building Emissions: Gas Concentrations

dc.contributor.author Hoff, Steven
dc.contributor.author Ni, JiQin
dc.contributor.author Lim, Teng
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Millmier, Amy
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Beasley, David
dc.contributor.author Hoff, Steven
dc.contributor.author Nicolai, Richard
dc.contributor.author Jacobson, Larry
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Yuanhui
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-04-12T22:29:29.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:43:43Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:43:43Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006
dc.date.issued 2006-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Comprehensive field studies were initiated in 2002 to measure emissions of ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), particulate matter <10 µm in diameter, and total suspended particulate from swine and poultry production buildings in the United States.</p> <p>This paper focuses on the quasicontinuous gas concentration measurement at multiple locations among paired barns in seven states. Documented principles, used in air pollution monitoring at industrial sources, were applied in developing quality assurance (QA) project plans for these studies. Air was sampled from multiple locations with each gas analyzed with one high quality commercial gas analyzer that was located in an environmentally controlled on-farm instrument shelter. A nominal 4 L/min gas sampling system was designed and constructed with Teflon wetted surfaces, bypass pumping, and sample line flow and pressure sensors. Three-way solenoids were used to automatically switch between multiple gas sampling lines with ≥10 min sampling intervals. Inside and outside gas sampling probes were between 10 and 115 m away from the analyzers. Analyzers used chemiluminescence, fluorescence,photoacoustic infrared, and photoionization detectors for NH3, H2S, CO2, CH4, and NMHC, respectively. Data were collected using personal computer-based data acquisition hardware and software. This paper discusses the methodology of gas concentration measurements and the unique challenges that livestock barns pose for achieving desired accuracy and precision, data representativeness, comparability and completeness, and instrument calibration and maintenance.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis as Heber, Albert J., Ji-Qin Ni, Teng T. Lim, Pei-Chun Tao, Amy M. Schmidt, Jacek A. Koziel, David B. Beasley et al. "Quality assured measurements of animal building emissions: Gas concentrations." <em>Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association</em> 56, no. 10 (2006): 1472-1483. DOI: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2006.10465680" target="_blank">10.1080/10473289.2006.10465680</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/924/
dc.identifier.articleid 2211
dc.identifier.contextkey 11953645
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/924
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1740
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/924/2006_Koziel_QualityAssuredGas.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:30:24 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1080/10473289.2006.10465680
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Animal Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Sampling
dc.subject.keywords ammonia
dc.subject.keywords hydrogen sulfide
dc.subject.keywords volatile organic compounds
dc.subject.keywords methane
dc.subject.keywords quality control
dc.subject.keywords animal housing
dc.subject.keywords multi-state
dc.subject.keywords continuous emission monitoring
dc.subject.keywords emission factors
dc.title Quality Assured Measurements of Animal Building Emissions: Gas Concentrations
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 98b46d48-66a2-4458-9b42-8c4aa050664d
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 76fc5589-51f8-4f3c-885c-e25d8037d641
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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