Development of a Bench-Scale Air Sparged Continuous Flow Reactor for Struvite Precipitation from Two Different Liquid Swine Manure Storage Systems

Date
2009-01-01
Authors
Raman, D.
Shepherd, Timothy
Burns, Robert
Moody, Lara
Raman, D. Raj
Stalder, Kenneth
Stalder, Kenneth
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Animal Science
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Animal ScienceAgricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Abstract

Forced precipitation of struvite (MgNH4PO4 . 6H2O) can reduce dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) in swine manure slurries. Optimization of this process requires that the swine manure slurry pH be increased, that magnesium be added, and that sufficient reaction time be allowed for struvite precipitation. To gather data that could be used for a full-scale continuous-flow struvite precipitation reactor, a bench-scale (14-L) continuous flow reactor was designed, constructed, and tested. The bench-scale reactor used air sparging for both pH adjustment and mixing, used a peristaltic pump to continuously inject magnesium chloride (MgCl2 . 6H2O), and was operated at a 10-min hydraulic retention time. The bench-scale system provided a 95% reduction of DRP in swine manure slurry collected from a concrete storage tank with a permeable cover, and a 78% reduction of DRP in swine manure slurry collected from a shallow under floor pit collection system. A bench-scale up-flow clarifier was designed, constructed, and tested for continuous flow separation of the precipitated struvite in order to provide total phosphorus (TP) removal. The up-flow clarifier was unable to continuously settle struvite particles formed in the bench-scale reactor and provided no significant TP removal through the system. The implication of this work for full-scale systems is discussed.

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This article is from Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 25, no. 3 (2009): 425–430.

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