Effectiveness of a computer-based tutorial for teaching how to make a blood smear.

dc.contributor.author Preast, Vanessa
dc.contributor.author Danielson, Jared
dc.contributor.author Bender, Holly
dc.contributor.author Bender, Holly
dc.contributor.author Bousson, Maury
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Pathology
dc.date 2018-02-17T18:34:36.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-07T05:16:10Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-07T05:16:10Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2007
dc.date.issued 2007-09-01
dc.description.abstract <p><h4>BACKGROUND:</h4></p> <p>Computer-aided instruction (CAI) was developed to teach veterinary students how to make blood smears. This instruction was intended to replace the traditional instructional method in order to promote efficient use of faculty resources while maintaining learning outcomes and student satisfaction. <h4>OBJECTIVES:</h4></p> <p>The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a computer-aided blood smear tutorial on 1) instructor's teaching time, 2) students' ability to make blood smears, and 3) students' ability to recognize smear quality. <h4>METHODS:</h4></p> <p>Three laboratory sessions for senior veterinary students were taught using traditional methods (control group) and 4 sessions were taught using the CAI tutorial (experimental group). Students in the control group received a short demonstration and lecture by the instructor at the beginning of the laboratory and then practiced making blood smears. Students in the experimental group received their instruction through the self-paced, multimedia tutorial on a laptop computer and then practiced making blood smears. Data was collected from observation, interview, survey questionnaires, and smear evaluation by students and experts using a scoring rubric. <h4>RESULTS:</h4></p> <p>Students using the CAI made better smears and were better able to recognize smear quality. The average time the instructor spent in the room was not significantly different between groups, but the quality of the instructor time was improved with the experimental instruction. <h4>CONCLUSIONS:</h4></p> <p>The tutorial implementation effectively provided students and instructors with a teaching and learning experience superior to the traditional method of instruction. Using CAI is a viable method of teaching students to make blood smears.</p>
dc.description.comments <p><strong><em>This is the peer reviewed version of the following article from</em></strong> <em>Veterinary Clinical Pathology,</em>September 2007, 36(3); 245-252,<strong><em> which has been published in final form at </em></strong><a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-165X.2007.tb00219.x" target="_blank">http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1939-165X.2007.tb00219.x</a><strong><em>. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with <a href="http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html#terms">Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving</a>."</em></strong></p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/vpath_pubs/82/
dc.identifier.articleid 1084
dc.identifier.contextkey 8813123
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath vpath_pubs/82
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/92511
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/vpath_pubs/82/2007_BenderH_Manuscript_EffectivenessComputerBased.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:07:56 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1111/j.1939-165X.2007.tb00219.x
dc.subject.disciplines Higher Education and Teaching
dc.subject.disciplines Teacher Education and Professional Development
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Pathology and Pathobiology
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health
dc.subject.keywords Blood smear
dc.subject.keywords computer-aided instruction
dc.subject.keywords educational methodology
dc.subject.keywords psychomotor skill
dc.subject.keywords teaching
dc.subject.keywords tutorial
dc.title Effectiveness of a computer-based tutorial for teaching how to make a blood smear.
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication a4b21397-9f2a-446e-b99e-68ce0a1c4333
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication cf38d7e3-b5f8-4859-83e3-ae8fab6a4c5f
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